Anti-inflammatory Streptococcus thermophilus CNRZ160 limits sarcopenia induced by low-grade inflammation in older adult rats - PNCA Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Nutrition Year : 2022

Anti-inflammatory Streptococcus thermophilus CNRZ160 limits sarcopenia induced by low-grade inflammation in older adult rats

Abstract

Background and aims Aging is characterized, at the systemic level, by the development of low-grade inflammation, which has been identified as determining sarcopenia by blunting postprandial muscle anabolism. The causes of this “inflammageing” is still not clearly defined. An increased intestinal permeability, a microbiota dysbiosis and subsequent generation of intestinal then generalized inflammation have been hypothesized. The objective of this study was to test in vivo during aging if (1) a chronic low-grade intestinal inflammation can lead to anabolic resistance and muscle loss and (2) if a bacterial strain presenting anti-inflammatory properties could prevent these adverse effects. Methods Young adult (6 m) and elderly rats (18 m) received Dextran Sodium Sulfate (DSS) for 28 days to generate low-grade intestinal inflammation, and received (PB1 or PB2 groups) or not (DSS group) one of the two S. Thermophilus strains (5 × 10 9 CFU/day) previously shown to present an anti-inflammatory potential in vitro . They were compared to pair fed control (PF). Muscle and colon weights and protein synthesis (using 13 C Valine) were measured at slaughter. Muscle proteolysis, gut permeability and inflammatory markers were assessed only in old animals by RT-PCR or proteins quantifications (ELISA). Results In both adult and old rats, DSS reduced absolute protein synthesis (ASR) in gastrocnemius muscle [−12.4% (PB1) and −9.5% (PB2) vs. PF, P < 0.05] and increased ASR in colon (+86% and +30.5%, respectively vs. PF, P < 0.05). PB1 (CNRZ160 strain) but not PB2 resulted in a higher muscle ASR as compared to DSS in adults (+18%, P < 0.05), a trend also observed for PB1 in old animals (+12%, P = 0.10). This was associated with a blunted increase in colon ASR. In old rats, PB1 also significantly decreased expression of markers of autophagy and ubiquitin-proteasome pathways vs. DSS groups and improved gut permeability (assessed by Occludin, Zonula Occludens 1 and Claudin 1 expression, P < 0.05) and alleviated systemic inflammation (A2M: −48% vs. DSS, P < 0.05). Conclusion The loss of muscle anabolism associated with low-grade intestinal inflammation can be prevented by supplementation with anti-inflammatory CNRZ160 strain. We propose that the moderated gut inflammation by CNRZ160 may result in curtailed amino acids (AA) utilization by the gut, and subsequent restored AA systemic availability to support muscle protein accretion. Therefore, CNRZ160 could be considered as an efficient probiotic to modulate muscle mass loss and limit sarcopenia during aging.
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hal-04013541 , version 1 (03-03-2023)

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Isabelle Savary-Auzeloux, Marianne Jarzaguet, Carole Migné, François Mariotti, Jean-Louis Kemeny, et al.. Anti-inflammatory Streptococcus thermophilus CNRZ160 limits sarcopenia induced by low-grade inflammation in older adult rats. Frontiers in Nutrition, 2022, 9, pp.986542. ⟨10.3389/fnut.2022.986542⟩. ⟨hal-04013541⟩
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