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Journal Articles Microbial Cell Factories Year : 2023

Bidirectional hybrid erythritol-inducible promoter for synthetic biology in Yarrowia lipolytica

Abstract

The oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica is increasingly used as a chassis strain for generating bioproducts. Several hybrid promoters with different strengths have been developed by combining multiple copies of an upstream activating sequence (UAS) associated with a TATA box and a core promoter. These promoters display either constitutive, phase-dependent, or inducible strong expression. However, there remains a lack of bidirectional inducible promoters for co-expressing genes in Y. lipolytica . Results: This study built on our previous work isolating and characterizing the UAS of the erythritol-induced genes EYK1 and EYD1 (UAS-eyk1). We found an erythritol-inducible bidirectional promoter (BDP) located in the EYK1 - EYL1 intergenic region. We used the BDP to co-produce YFP and RedStarII fluorescent proteins and demonstrated that the promoter’s strength was 2.7 to 3.5-fold stronger in the EYL1 orientation compared to the EYK1 orientation. We developed a hybrid erythritol-inducible bidirectional promoter (HBDP) containing five copies of UAS-eyk1 in both orientations. It led to expression levels 8.6 to 19.2-fold higher than the native bidirectional promoter. While the BDP had a twofold-lower expression level than the strong constitutive TEF promoter, the HBDP had a 5.0-fold higher expression level when oriented toward EYL1 and a 2.4-fold higher expression level when oriented toward EYK1 . We identified the optimal media for BDP usage by exploring yeast growth under microbioreactor conditions. Additionally, we constructed novel Golden Gate biobricks and a destination vector for general use. Conclusions: In this research, we developed novel bidirectional and hybrid bidirectional promoters of which expression can be fine-tuned, responding to the need for versatile promoters in the yeast Y. lipolytica . This study provides effective tools that can be employed to smoothly adjust the erythritol-inducible co-expression of two target genes in biotechnology applications. BDPs developed in this study have potential applications in the fields of heterologous protein production, metabolic engineering, and synthetic biology.
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hal-03986388 , version 1 (13-02-2023)

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Lea Vidal, Esteban Lebrun, Young-Kyoung Park, Guillaume Mottet, Jean-Marc Nicaud. Bidirectional hybrid erythritol-inducible promoter for synthetic biology in Yarrowia lipolytica. Microbial Cell Factories, 2023, 22 (1), pp. 7. ⟨10.1186/s12934-023-02020-6⟩. ⟨hal-03986388⟩
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