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Journal Articles Insects Year : 2023

Developmental Differentiations of Major Maize Stemborers Due to Global Warming in Temperate and Tropical Climates

Abstract

While many insects are in decline due to global warming, the effect of rising temperatures on crop insect pests is uncertain. A capacity to understand future changes in crop pest populations remains critical to ensure food security. Using temperature-dependent mathematical models of the development of four maize stemborers in temperate and tropical regions, we evaluated the potential impacts of different climate change scenarios on development time. While recognizing the limitations of the temperature-dependent development rate approach, we found that global warming could either be beneficial or detrimental to pest development, depending on the optimal temperature for the development of the species and scenarios of climate change. Expected responses range from null development to 1.5 times faster development than expected today. These results suggest that in the medium term, the studied species could benefit from global warming with an accelerated development, while in the long term, their development could either be delayed or accelerated, which may impact their dynamics with implications on maize cultivation.

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hal-03982678 , version 1 (10-02-2023)

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Baptiste Régnier, Judith Legrand, Paul-André Calatayud, François Rebaudo. Developmental Differentiations of Major Maize Stemborers Due to Global Warming in Temperate and Tropical Climates. Insects, 2023, Climate Change and Insects, 14 (1), pp.51. ⟨10.3390/insects14010051⟩. ⟨hal-03982678⟩
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