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Journal Articles Plant Science Year : 2021

CYP77B1 a fatty acid epoxygenase specific to flowering plants

Abstract

Contrary to animals, little is known in plants about enzymes able to produce fatty acid epoxides. In our attempt to find and characterize a new fatty acid epoxygenase in Arabidopsis thaliana, data mining brought our attention on CYP77B1. Modification of the N-terminus was necessary to get enzymatic activity after heterologous expression in yeast. The common plant fatty acid C18:2 was converted into the diol 12,13-dihydroxy-octadec-cis9-enoic acid when incubated with microsomes of yeast expressing modified CYP77B1 and AtEH1, a soluble epoxide hydrolase. This diol originated from the hydrolysis by AtEH1 of the epoxide 12,13-epoxy-octadec-cis-9enoic acid produced by CYP77B1. A spatio-temporal study of CYP77B1 expression performed with RT-qPCR revealed the highest level of transcripts in flower bud while, in open flower, the enzyme was mainly present in pistil. CYP77B1 promoter-driven GUS expression confirmed reporter activities in pistil and also in stamens and petals. In silico co-regulation data led us to hypothesize that CYP77B1 could be involved in cutin synthesis but when flower cutin of loss-of-function mutants cyp77b1 was analyzed, no difference was found compared to cutin of wild type plants. Phylogenetic analysis showed that CYP77B1 is strictly conserved in flowering plants, suggesting a specific function in this lineage.

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Vegetal Biology
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hal-03321049 , version 1 (18-10-2021)

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Emmanuelle Pineau, Vincent Sauveplane, Etienne Grienenberger, Jean-Etienne Bassard, Frédéric Beisson, et al.. CYP77B1 a fatty acid epoxygenase specific to flowering plants. Plant Science, 2021, 307, pp.110905. ⟨10.1016/j.plantsci.2021.110905⟩. ⟨hal-03321049⟩
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